Navigating the Dynamics of Psychological Types

Author: James G. Johnston

Jung’s Indispensable Compass reunites Jung’s psychology of consciousness (psychological types) with his depth psychology (analytical psychology). Jung’s type model is useful for understanding dynamic oppositions between conscious and unconscious type dispositions.

Some derivations of Jung’s work have created 16 “personality types,” but the dynamics of Jung’s original “compass” of psychological types cannot be set in fixed categories. His model is too rich, fluid, and complex.

Understanding the dynamics of Jung’s compass provides invaluable insights for the personal voyage of individuation—Jung’s term for growth toward unique personality.

“I would not for anything dispense with this compass on my psychological voyages of discovery.”—C. G. Jung

The introverted and extraverted type dispositions provide a vital “tension of opposites” that induce personal growth toward the “wholeness” of individuation.

Type and archetype are joined in this book as essential elements of Jung’s analytical psychology and psychological types. The aim of Jung’s psychological type model is the same as his depth psychology—the individuation of unique personality.


"Jung’s Indispensable Compass is not only a dynamic and well written introduction to Jung’s theory of types, but it also is an in-depth exploration in Jung’s theory of the development of the personality. I highly recommend this book.”
Luis Moris
Jungian Analyst, Chile
"J. G. Johnston has rendered Jung's model of psychological types in a very clear and comprehensive way, without losing any of the subtleties of Jung’s thinking. I highly recommend this book."
Vanessa Prins-Goodman
Jungian Analyst, Netherlands
"As a Jungian trained coach it is a pleasure to work with James Johnston’s interpretation of the psychological types. The book does not provide a roadmap for a better adaptation to life, but it shows those brave enough, a hero’s quest for bringing out their true selves and leading an authentic life.”
Sandra Benschop
Jungian-trained Professional Coach, Netherlands
"During my years of study and research in Analytical Psychology, Jung’s typology always played a central role in my clinical practice and teaching, despite my disappointment with most interpretations of Jung’s original ideas and available instruments for its assessment. James Johnston’s approach brings us back to Jung’s original insights and purpose, which contextualizes the eight functions of consciousness in terms of the whole psyche and its constant dialogue between the conscious and unconscious."
Pedro Mendes
Clinical Psychologist and Jungian Analyst in Training, Portugal.
"James has an extraordinary talent for clarifying and translating the language and manner of Jung’s discourse in his Collected Works into the language of the modern person, which, for someone not familiar with the intricacies of Analytical Psychology, would otherwise be quite complicated and hermetic. It is a superb read for anyone who is interested in their own personal development, as well as for those involved in professional Jungian analysis."
Małgorzata Nader
Jungian Analyst in Training, Poland